Ice Cpr Essay Questions

If you’re working in a design office (like me), then you will likely have heard the old adage that it’s the last 5% of the work that takes 90% of the time. Achieving chartered status with the Institution of Civil Engineers is much the same (and I presume the same is true for the IStructE).

I sat my professional review in Autumn last year (2014) and successfully passed. Since then, I have become a delegate engineer for two graduates who have recently joined my company. Now that the Autumn reviews are nearly upon us again, I’ve started getting questions about the review process and any tips/tricks that would be useful. Knowing that there are probably plenty of engineers out there that would benefit from the same information, I decided to share my experience with you all. [Ed. Guest posts from engineers are always welcome at Being Brunel]

The Report

The report is by far the hardest part of the review process. From 2015, the ICE rules regarding review reports have changed. I was lucky enough to be able to write two reports (if you can call it lucky). You need to be able to demonstrate how you have achieved all of the attributes that the ICE thinks that a professional engineer should embody. However, be warned, every sentence you write must ‘say’ something. There’s not room in the reports for ‘padding out’ (and equally, if you need to pad out, then you probably aren’t ready just yet).

Something that the guidance documents don’t tell you is that everything you write down is fair game for your reviewers (i.e. you should assume they can and will ask you a question about everything you’ve written). And pictures – you should scrutinise every picture. Make sure there’s not someone in the background doing something they shouldn’t. And make sure you can explain everything that’s going on.

Mock Interview

I cannot stress how important a mock interview is. It was something that I was dreading in honesty, but turned out to actually put most of my anxieties about the review day to bed. Just the activity of running through the day and also getting to watch other people sit their mock interviews is very revealing. Get one booked in advance of the actual review so just in case, you can make any necessary changes.

Essay Writing

Unfortunately, there’s not a lot of advice I can give on essay writing other than to say “practice makes perfect”. Have a bank of plans ready (both printed and electronic just in case). Writing by hand (or even on a computer) for two solid hours is not to be underestimated. In our day-to-day professional lives, we rarely spend two hours writing a report without a break or an interruption. It’s a skill and you just have to knuckle-down and learn it.

The Day

My best advice for the review day is relax. If your review centre is not in your home city, then I would recommend booking a hotel and staying over the night. This removes any unnecessary stress relating to driving and getting up extra early. Do read some material, and run through your presentation – but don’t repeatedly practice or obsess over tiny details.

The absolute best way to approach the day is to treat it like any other day at work. You’ve got coffee in the morning followed by a project meeting with your project manager and director to report on what’s been going on. They’ll ask some questions (some technical, some not) and then you’ll be on your way (that’s the interview over). Then it’s the afternoon and the Client’s phones up asking where their report is (and demanding it for the end of the day) – this is your essay. Once you’re done it’s back to sit in traffic for the commute home. Easy.

I have intended for this to be a light-hearted post as I don’t think that as engineers, we should be stressing about this type of assessment. We’ve gone through years of exams and coursework. If you have been signed off (by no less than three separate people I might add) from your IPD scheme, then:

You already know everything you need to pass the review – you just have to remember it and speak clearly.

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About the Author

Jason Hyde

  • Jason is a Chartered Engineer working for Mott MacDonald’s Bridges in Manchester. Outside of work he is a STEM Ambassador, Past Chair of ICE Manchester Branch and currently a member of the Executive Committee of IABSE UK.
  • Find out more: LinkedIn

Presentation on theme: "How to Pass PReview-20111 How to Pass the Professional Review Examination (PR/PE) Dr Sam Man Keong 岑文强 CEng, FIET, MICE, MIMMM, FSE, FSPE, PEng(UK), FBEng,"— Presentation transcript:

1 How to Pass PReview-20111 How to Pass the Professional Review Examination (PR/PE) Dr Sam Man Keong 岑文强 CEng, FIET, MICE, MIMMM, FSE, FSPE, PEng(UK), FBEng, CEnv. Email: sammk@singnet.com.sg ; HP: 96740515 sammk@singnet.com.sg

2 How to Pass PReview-20112 Highlights (1) IntroductionIntroduction Preparing for the CPR of the ICEPreparing for the CPR of the ICE –Written Submissions. –Interviews. –Essay Preparation. –The Engineer in Society. –Causes of failure. –One Word of Advice.

3 How to Pass PReview-20113 Highlights (2) Professional Review for CEng(UK) – A Real Example.Professional Review for CEng(UK) – A Real Example. –Panel Details. –Criteria. –Conditions for Recommendation for Passing. –Panel Recommendation. Some Good Books to Read.Some Good Books to Read. Questions & Answers.Questions & Answers.

4 How to Pass PReview-20114 About the Speaker – Dr Sam Man Keong Singapore : SP/NUS/NTU. Australia : MelbU/RMIT/CQU. Chartered Engineer (UK/Ireland/Australia) Registered Engineer (UK) Chartered Builder (UK) Chartered Mathematician (UK) Chartered Scientist (UK) A life-long learner.

5 How to Pass PReview-20115 Destiny is not a matter of chance, it is a matter of choice; it isn’t a thing to be waited for, it is a thing to be achieved. …. W.J. Byran 把握當下,莫等待。

6 How to Pass PReview-20116 Introduction – PR/PE ICE –PE : It consists of the assessment of a report and supporting documents on training or experience submitted by the candidate; an oral examination at which he is questioned both on the report and generally on his training; and two essays, one connected directly with his work, and the other on a question chosen from a list of 36, previously available to the candidate, on ‘The place of the engineer in the community’ and ‘Management’ topics. The Examiners give the candidate a choice of two questions and he must answer one.ICE –PE : It consists of the assessment of a report and supporting documents on training or experience submitted by the candidate; an oral examination at which he is questioned both on the report and generally on his training; and two essays, one connected directly with his work, and the other on a question chosen from a list of 36, previously available to the candidate, on ‘The place of the engineer in the community’ and ‘Management’ topics. The Examiners give the candidate a choice of two questions and he must answer one.

7 How to Pass PReview-20117 Introduction – PR/PE The PE is an occasion when, having regard to his age and experience, a candidate’s professional competence is being tested in all its aspects.The PE is an occasion when, having regard to his age and experience, a candidate’s professional competence is being tested in all its aspects. It must not be seen only as a 30 minute oral examination followed by the essays. That is only the culmination of a process which has lasted for a minimum period of six years.It must not be seen only as a 30 minute oral examination followed by the essays. That is only the culmination of a process which has lasted for a minimum period of six years.

8 How to Pass PReview-20118 Introduction : How to prepare and to pass the ‘Professional Review’? Engineering Ethics.Engineering Ethics. –Moral Thoughts. –Code of Professional Conduct. Professional Judgement.Professional Judgement. –Education –Knowledge –Experience (Civil Engineering): (a) Feasibility Studies or report work, or(a) Feasibility Studies or report work, or (b) the design and construction of civil engineering work.(b) the design and construction of civil engineering work.

9 How to Pass PReview-20119 PR/PE – ICE, UK The ICE-PE was first held in 1945 when it replaced Section C of the Institution Examination. Initially interviews were conducted by one person, but an Assessor was later introduced in case the Interviewer required a second opinion. This led in 1948 to the present system (1984) of having two Interviewers, and the need to pass the Professional Interview, as it was then called, was incorporated into the By-laws.The ICE-PE was first held in 1945 when it replaced Section C of the Institution Examination. Initially interviews were conducted by one person, but an Assessor was later introduced in case the Interviewer required a second opinion. This led in 1948 to the present system (1984) of having two Interviewers, and the need to pass the Professional Interview, as it was then called, was incorporated into the By-laws. Professional Examination Part 1 (PE1/IPD)[  AMICE]Professional Examination Part 1 (PE1/IPD)[  AMICE] Professional Examination Part 2 (PE2/CPR)[  CEng, MICE]Professional Examination Part 2 (PE2/CPR)[  CEng, MICE]

10 How to Pass PReview-201110

11 How to Pass PReview-201111 ICE, UK – PE1/IPD PE1 is primarily a test of technical competence, although candidates also have to satisfy other detailed requirements.PE1 is primarily a test of technical competence, although candidates also have to satisfy other detailed requirements. Everyone (except mature candidates) must have an approved degree, or a non-approved degree with top-up examinations agreed by ICE.Everyone (except mature candidates) must have an approved degree, or a non-approved degree with top-up examinations agreed by ICE. 3 years Training under Agreement.3 years Training under Agreement.

12 How to Pass PReview-201112 ICE, UK – PE2/PR PE2 is a test of professional competence.PE2 is a test of professional competence. Normally taken about three years (gaining the necessary professional experience) after passing the PE1.Normally taken about three years (gaining the necessary professional experience) after passing the PE1. Four sponsors : to complete and submit a confidential questionnaire to the ICE.Four sponsors : to complete and submit a confidential questionnaire to the ICE. The written submission will include:The written submission will include: –A 2000 word report on your professional experience –A 4000 word project report –Forms –Details of courses attended. (Record of Continuing Education on Form iCE8, certified by a sponsor).

13 How to Pass PReview-201113 Preparing for the PR of the ICE – Written Submissions : PE1/PR Training Record.Training Record. Report on experience: no longer than 2000 words; no longer than 4000 words for research candidates.Report on experience: no longer than 2000 words; no longer than 4000 words for research candidates. Calculations, Drawings, Quantities and Costings.Calculations, Drawings, Quantities and Costings. Forms.Forms.

14 How to Pass PReview-201114 Preparing for the PR of the ICE – Written Submissions : PE2/PR Individuals have to take responsibility for planning and organizing relevant experience and off-the-job training.Individuals have to take responsibility for planning and organizing relevant experience and off-the-job training. Project report : 4000 words.Project report : 4000 words.

15 How to Pass PReview-201115 Preparing for the PR of the ICE – Interviews At both PE1 and PE2, the candidate will be interviewed by two senior members of the profession.At both PE1 and PE2, the candidate will be interviewed by two senior members of the profession. PE1/IPD : Technical Competence.PE1/IPD : Technical Competence. PE2/CPR : Professional Competence.PE2/CPR : Professional Competence. The Examiners will already have formed a view of you from your written submission and their next reaction will be to your appearance as you walk towards them.The Examiners will already have formed a view of you from your written submission and their next reaction will be to your appearance as you walk towards them.

16 How to Pass PReview-201116 Preparing for the PR of the ICE – Interviews Preparation for the Interviews:Preparation for the Interviews: –Preparing for the essays. –Preparation for the interview : several weeks before the interview date you should read your submission very critically, listing all the topics mentioned. It will sound very weak in the interview if you have to say “Well, I don’t know about it” too many times when you have claimed knowledge of a subject in your submission.It will sound very weak in the interview if you have to say “Well, I don’t know about it” too many times when you have claimed knowledge of a subject in your submission.

17 How to Pass PReview-201117 Preparing for the PR of the ICE – Interviews If you do claim knowledge of a topic, then make sure you have done the necessary reading – books, articles, ICE Proceedings, project documents, etc.If you do claim knowledge of a topic, then make sure you have done the necessary reading – books, articles, ICE Proceedings, project documents, etc. Do remember that your written submission includes a list of courses attended and where necessary, your Training Record. These topics can come up at interviews too!Do remember that your written submission includes a list of courses attended and where necessary, your Training Record. These topics can come up at interviews too!

18 How to Pass PReview-201118 Preparing for the PR of the ICE – Interviews The Examiners themselves come from widely differing backgrounds and obviously have a wide range of individual personalities.The Examiners themselves come from widely differing backgrounds and obviously have a wide range of individual personalities. Improving your interviewing skills will not only assist your chances of success at PE1 and PE2 but will be important for future job, promotional and appraisal interviews.Improving your interviewing skills will not only assist your chances of success at PE1 and PE2 but will be important for future job, promotional and appraisal interviews.

19 How to Pass PReview-201119 ICE-UK : Professional Review

20 How to Pass PReview-201120 ICE- UK : Professional Review The Examiners will be asking themselves the following questions:The Examiners will be asking themselves the following questions: –1. What has the candidate done? –2. Why has he done it? –3. Does he fully understand what he has done? –4. What engineering decisions has he made? –5. What investigations has he undertaken which led him to make these decisions? –6. Has he carried out any research which persuaded him to reach his conclusions?

21 How to Pass PReview-201121 ICE- UK : Professional Review The oral examination is not a confrontation between the candidate and the examiners.The oral examination is not a confrontation between the candidate and the examiners. Candidate :Candidate : –appearance and grooming. –When leaving the room he will have his back to two pairs of very observant eyes. Being down-at-heel is not the best way to impress people! The examiners :The examiners : –are trying to find out what you know, not what you don’t know. It should therefore be an interesting discussion on your experience.It should therefore be an interesting discussion on your experience.

22 How to Pass PReview-201122 Preparing for the PE of the ICE – Essay Preparation PE1 Essay : Unseen based on submission.PE1 Essay : Unseen based on submission. PE2 Essay : Published list.PE2 Essay : Published list. –The Examiners select two questions from the published list of 36 questions, and the candidate can choose which of these two questions to answer in the 90 minutes. –It is also very important that your studying covers all the question topics as you cannot predict which questions you will be asked.

23 How to Pass PReview-201123 Preparing for the PE of the ICE – Essay Preparation PE2 Essay : Published list.PE2 Essay : Published list. –The best time to start is at least a year before you plan to take PE2 and preferably even longer. –Start a file on each of the questions. –Information for each question should actively be sought: books and journals; newspapers; discussions with SCEs, colleagues; attending meetings of ICE..etc; attending courses, conferences. –Write out the essay plan for a 1000 word essay using references and taking time over it. “knowledge and relevance”; must display good ‘grammar, syntax and clarity of argument and presentation’.“knowledge and relevance”; must display good ‘grammar, syntax and clarity of argument and presentation’.

24 How to Pass PReview-201124 Preparing for the PE of the ICE – The Engineer in Society The Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE), UK.The Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE), UK. –1818 : The Formation of ICE. –1828 : Royal Charter granted. –1922 : Supplementary Charter (giving the ICE the role of qualifying body for all civil engineers). The two main purposes of the ICE are:The two main purposes of the ICE are: –A learned society. –A qualifying body.

25 How to Pass PReview-201125 Preparing for the PE of the ICE – The Engineer in Society The Engineering Council (EC), UK.The Engineering Council (EC), UK. –The EC was established by Royal Charter granted on 27 th November 1981, replacing the much smaller Council of Engineering Institutions (CEI). –53 member organizations arranged in five groups. Issues concerning the Engineer’s place in society.Issues concerning the Engineer’s place in society. EC Part 2 : 300 – The Engineer in SocietyEC Part 2 : 300 – The Engineer in Society

26 How to Pass PReview-201126 Preparing for the PE of the ICE – Causes of Failure (a) Lack of confidence : 5 Is (indecisive; incompetent; ……),(a) Lack of confidence : 5 Is (indecisive; incompetent; ……), (b) slavish use of proven techniques and the avoiding of engineering decisions,(b) slavish use of proven techniques and the avoiding of engineering decisions, © insufficient and hurried preparation of the report and other documents; this implies you have not taken the examination seriously enough,© insufficient and hurried preparation of the report and other documents; this implies you have not taken the examination seriously enough,

27 How to Pass PReview-201127 Preparing for the PE of the ICE – Causes of Failure (d) inability or failure to give evidence of the ability to organize one’s thoughts clearly in both speech and writing,(d) inability or failure to give evidence of the ability to organize one’s thoughts clearly in both speech and writing, (e) failure to speak up at the oral examination, this has the effect of destroying confidence on both sides: in the candidate’s confidence in himself and the Examiner’s confidence in the candidate.(e) failure to speak up at the oral examination, this has the effect of destroying confidence on both sides: in the candidate’s confidence in himself and the Examiner’s confidence in the candidate.

28 How to Pass PReview-201128 Preparing for the PE of the ICE – One word of advice READ THE INSTRUCTIONS – ICE 43 Rules for the Professional Examinations.READ THE INSTRUCTIONS – ICE 43 Rules for the Professional Examinations. Should be read from cover to cover, not once, but several times, to ensure that you understand what is being required of you. If you comply with these rules your chances will be much better that you don’t!Should be read from cover to cover, not once, but several times, to ensure that you understand what is being required of you. If you comply with these rules your chances will be much better that you don’t! Website : www.ice.org.ukWebsite : www.ice.org.ukwww.ice.org.uk

29 How to Pass PReview-201129

30 How to Pass PReview-201130

31 How to Pass PReview-201131 Professional Review for CEng(UK) – A Real Example. Panel Details.Panel Details. Criteria.Criteria. Conditions for Recommendation for Passing.Conditions for Recommendation for Passing. Panel Recommendation.Panel Recommendation.

32 How to Pass PReview-201132 Criteria : 5 main areas A. Knowledge & Understanding.A. Knowledge & Understanding. –1. Sound theoretical approach. –2. Creative problem solving approach. –3. Exploiting emerging technologies. –4. Promote innovation and technology transfer. B. Application to Practice. –1. Identify potential projects & opportunities. –2. Research, design & development. –3. Plan and implement solutions. –4. Evaluate solutions and make improvements.

33 How to Pass PReview-201133 Criteria : 5 main areas C. Leadership Management & Supervision.C. Leadership Management & Supervision. –1. Plan for effective project implementation. –2. Plan, budget, organize, direct, control. –3. Staff management & technical development. –4. Continuous improvement. D. Inter personal Skills. –1. Work with others & communicate. –2. Presentation and discussion. –3. Team building and negotiation.

34 How to Pass PReview-201134 Criteria : 5 main areas E. Professional Conduct.E. Professional Conduct. –1. Code and Rules of Conduct. –2. Safe Systems of Work. –3. Codes of Risk and Environment. –4. Continuing professional development.

35 How to Pass PReview-201135 Conditions for Recommendation for Passing. Total score ≥ 33Total score ≥ 33 Block Mean Score in Any Block ≥ 1.5Block Mean Score in Any Block ≥ 1.5 Not more than one Zero across the whole form.Not more than one Zero across the whole form. Panel Recommendation:Panel Recommendation: –1. Satisfied the requirements…. –2. Failed to satisfy…. –3. Marginally failed to satisfy… –4. The panel could not reach an agreement….

36 How to Pass PReview-201136 Professional Review for CEng(UK)

37 How to Pass PReview-201137 Professional Review for CEng(UK)

38 How to Pass PReview-201138 Website : http://www.peb.gov.sg/peb/html/index.html http://www.peb.gov.sg/peb/html/index.html The Professional Engineers Board Singapore (PEB) is a statutory board in the Ministry of National Development. PEB was established since 1971 under the Professional Engineers Act.Ministry of National Development

39 How to Pass PReview-201139 PR Exam in Engineering in Singapore – Professional Engineers Act Approved Qualification, e.g. BEng awarded by National University of Singapore (NUS) or Nanyang Technological University (NTU).Approved Qualification, e.g. BEng awarded by National University of Singapore (NUS) or Nanyang Technological University (NTU). Experience : not less than four years of practical experience in such professional work and at such level of responsibility as to be sufficiently competent for registration as a professional engineer.Experience : not less than four years of practical experience in such professional work and at such level of responsibility as to be sufficiently competent for registration as a professional engineer.

40 How to Pass PReview-201140 PR Exam in Engineering in Singapore – Professional Engineers Act Sat and passed the following examinations:Sat and passed the following examinations: –Fundamentals of Engineering Examination (FE Exam), –Practice of Professional Engineering Examination (PE Exam). FE ExamFE Exam –Part 1 – 3 hours (9am – 12 noon); 40 MCQs –Part 2 – 3 hours (2 pm – 5 pm); Answer 5 out of 9 questions (Civil)’ Answer 5 out of 7 questions (Electrical, Mechanical)

41 How to Pass PReview-201141 PR Exam in Engineering in Singapore – Professional Engineers Act PE Exam :PE Exam : –Summary of Postgraduate Professional Experience –Report on Postgraduate Engineering Experience : 2,000 – 4,000 words; in detail his involvement in not more than four projects in the branch of engineering that he is seeking registration. See ‘Check List for PI in Appendix A’. [website: www.peb.gov.sg ] www.peb.gov.sg –Professional Interview (PI)

42 How to Pass PReview-201142 Pathways to become Professional Engineer in Singapore Approved Qualifications, e.g. BEng from NUS/NTU PEB – FE Exam Experience PEB – PE Exam. Summary of Postgraduate Professional Experience. Report on Postgraduate Engineering Experience. Professional Interview (PI) Professional Engineer (PE)

43 How to Pass PReview-201143 Professional Interview for Registration as Professional Engineer - Singapore Requirements:Requirements: –1. Appropriate qualifications – Section 15(1); –2. Appropriate experience – Section 15(2)(a); –3. Sat and passed prescribed examinations – Section 15(2)(b); –4. Good character and reputation – Section 15(4)(a); and –5. Able to carry out the duties of a professional engineer effectively – Section 15(4)(b).

44 How to Pass PReview-201144 Professional Interview for Registration as Professional Engineer - Singapore The Purpose of PI is to determine the following:The Purpose of PI is to determine the following: –1. The duration and adequacy of practical experience; –2. The type, quality and relevance of practical engineering experience; –3. The character and reputation; and –4. The ability to carry out the duties of a professional engineer effectively.

45 How to Pass PReview-201145 Professional Interview for Registration as Professional Engineer - Singapore The PI process comprises three components:The PI process comprises three components: –1. review the Summary of Postgraduate Professional Experience; –2. assessment of the Report on Postgraduate Engineering Experience; and –3. attending the interview.

46 How to Pass PReview-201146 Professional Interview for Registration as Professional Engineer - Singapore The Professional Interview (PI):The Professional Interview (PI): –Applicant : 10 – minute presentation of one or more of his projects highlighted in his report. –About 45 minutes : to discuss with the panel on his involvement in achieving the various competent elements as presented in his report; to answer questions on other aspects relating to his application and professional practice such as summary of postgraduate experience. –Further information or clarification.

47 How to Pass PReview-201147

48 How to Pass PReview-201148

49 How to Pass PReview-201149

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